AVG Flying Tigers (飛虎隊自願大隊)
In May 1937, Colonel Claire Lee Chennault, an American hired by Madame Chiang(l4* ), came to China as a consultant to the Chinese Air Force. Two months later, the sudden massive invasion of China by the Japanese army and their assault on Chinese civilians angered Colonel Chennault. He decided to stay in China to assist the Republic of China Air Force against Japanese aggression.
“The Hump” Shipping Route (駝峰航運)
In 1941, Colonel Chennault was one of the representatives from China to the United States requesting assistance from U.S. President Roosevelt to purchase 100 P-40 fighter planes and to recruit 100 young American pilots known as American Volunteer Group (AVG) and the ?Flying Tigers”. They fought against the Japanese Air Force in China. During the war 27 of the 100 pilots were killed in action.
14th Air Force personnel were listed as Missing in Action, which is the most during WWII in USIn 1942, the United States Congress approved the $1.6 billion worth of “Lend-Lease” material aid package to China. U.S. General Stilwell went to China to establish the 14th Air Force which consisted of American and Chinese fighters. In the following three years U.S. military aircrafts with American pilots in the 14th Air Force flew the “Hump Route,” between the ridges of the Himalayan Mountains and provided supplies to China from India. During that time, 548 transport planes were lost, about one every two days, along with U.S air crews. Approximately 1,400 of the
train the rest of the Republic of China Air Force.
CACW Chinese-American Composition Wing (中美混合連隊)
In June 1943, the United States accepted Colonel Chennault’s proposal to build a Chinese American Composite Wing (CACW) to fight against Japanese air force. Americans provided P-40, B-25, P-51 planes and American pilots. Republic of China Air Force sent its First, Third and Fifth Groups. They joined force to form the CACW. After preliminary training in India, crews were sent to the United States for intermediate and advanced training. Afterwards they returned to China to
From 1943 to 1945, CACW caused damages to Japanese material and transports in their supply lines and bogged down Japanese ground troops in the vast land of China. Then CACW tuned its defensive war into offense. From China, CACW began attacks on the Japanese air force bases in Japan until Japanese surrendered in August 1945.